The Kinsey Institute 

Kinsey Institute Staff Publications

C. Sue Carter, Ph.D.
Executive director

This list of articles, books, and book chapters represents the work of staff and researchers during their affiliation with the Kinsey Institute. Publications are divided by directors' eras to facilitate browsing through the list. Within eras, publications are listed in reverse chronological order and alphabetically by lead author.

Downloadable versions are indicated by pdf. Note: some journals may require registration or subscription to view pdf files.

In Press

Bulbena-Cabré, A., Pailhez, G., Cabrera, A., Baeza, V.C., Porges, S. and Bulbena, A. (in press). Body Perception in a sample of nonclinical youngsters with joint hypermobility.  Ansiedad y Estrés (Anxiety & Stress).

Cabrera, A., Kolacz, J., Pailhez, G., Bulbena-Cabre, A., Bulbena, A. and Porges, S. (in press).  Assessing Body Awareness and Autonomic Reactivity: Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of the Body Perception Questionnaire-Short Form (BPQ-SF).  International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research. 

Dale, L.P., Shakh, S.K., Fasciano, L.C., Watorek, V.D., Heilman, K.J. and Porges, S.W. (in press). Women with Maltreatment Histories have Atypical Autonomic Regulation and Poor Psychological Wellbeing. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy.

Feeley, N., Zelkowitz, P., Gold, I., Hayton, B., Carter, C.S., Tulandi, T., Joseph, L., & Libman, E. (In review). A prospective study of the predictors of PTSD symptoms among women 2 months after childbirth.

Hage, B., Britton, B., Daniels, D., Heilman, K., Porges, S. and Halaris, A. (in press). Low cardiac vagal tone indexed by heart rate variability differentiates bipolar depression from major depression.  The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry.

Kolacz, J., Lewis, G.F., and Porges, S.W. (in press). The integration of vocal communication and biobehavioral state regulation in mammals: A polyvagal hypothesis. In SM Brudzynski, ed. Handbook of Ultrasonic Vocalization.  Amsterdam: Academic Press.

Porges, Stephen W. and Dana, Deborah, Eds. (in press). Clinical Applications of the Polyvagal Theory: The emergence of polyvagal-informed therapies. Norton: New York, NY. (in press, April 2018)

Porges, S.W. and Kolacz, J. (in press).  Neurocardiology through the Lens of the Polyvagal Theory.  In  RJ Gelpi & B Buchholz ed.  Neurocardiology: Pathophysiological Aspects and Clinical Implications.  Amsterdam: Elsevier.


Baldwin, Aleta M.,   Dodge, Brian,  Schick, Vanessa,  Sanders, Stephanie A.,  and Fortenberry, J. Dennis. (2017). Sexual Minority Women's Satisfaction with Health Care Providers and State-level Structural Support: Investigating the Impact of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Nondiscrimination Legislation. Women’s Health Issues.  May-June 2017, Vol 27, Issue 3, p 271-278. DOI:

Baldwin, Aleta M.,  Dodge, Brian,  Schick, Vanessa, Herbenick, Debra, Sanders, Stephanie A.,  Dhoot, Roshni, and Fortenberry, J. Dennis. (2017). Health and identity-related interactions between lesbian, bisexual, queer and pansexual women and their healthcare providers. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 17 March 2017, Pages 1-16. DOI: 10.1080/13691058.2017.1298844

Bedwell, Rebecca M., Spielvogel, Hilde, Bellido, Diva, and Vitzthum, Virginia J. (2017). Factors Influencing the Use of Biomedical Health Care by Rural Bolivian Anemic Women: Structural Barriers, Reproductive Status, Gender Roles, and Concepts of Anemia. PLOS

Bulbena A, Baeza‐Velasco C, Bulbena‐Cabré A, Pailhez G, Critchley H, Chopra P, Mallorquí‐Bagué N, Frank C, Porges S (2017). Psychiatric and psychological aspects in the Ehlers–Danlos syndromes. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics, DOI: 10.1002/ajmg.c.31544.

Bulbena-Cabré A, Perez-Rodriguez MM, Porges S., Bulbena A, Goodman,M. (2017). Understanding Anxiety in Borderline Personality Disorder. Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry, 1-14.

Carter, C.S. 2017. The oxytocin and vasopressin pathway in the context of love and fear. Frontiers in Endocrinology.

Carter, C.S., Bartal, I. B-A., & Porges, E.C. 2017. The roots of compassion: An evolutionary and neurobiological perspective. In EM Seppala, E Simon-Thomas, SL Brown, MC Worline, CD Cameron, & JR Doty, Eds. Oxford Handbook of Compassion Science . New York, NY: Oxford University Press.  The Oxford Handbook of Compassion. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 173-188.

Crosby, Richard A. , Milhausen, Robin R., Graham, Cynthia A., Yarber, William L., Sanders, Stephanie A., Geter, Angelica and Mena, Leandro. (2017). Antecedents of Condom-Protected Oral Sex Among Young Black MSM. International Journal of Sexual Health, Published online: 15 Feb 2017, Pages 1-6.

Flores PJ, Porges SW (2017). Group Psychotherapy as a Neural Exercise: Bridging Polyvagal Theory and Attachment Theory. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 26:1-21.

Gangel, M. J., Shanahan, L., Kolacz, J., Brown, A., Oberlin, D., Calkins, S. D., Keane, S., & Wideman, L. (2017). Vagal regulation of cardiac function in early childhood and cardiovascular risk in adolescence. Psychosomatic Medicine, advance online publication.

Gray, A., Porges, S.W. (2017).  Polyvagal informed dance/movement therapy with children who shut down: Restoring core rhythmicity.  In CA Malchiodi, DA Crenshaw (Eds) What to do when children clam up in psychotherapy: Interventions to facilitate communication. New York, NY: Guildord Press.  Pp 102-136. 

Jones, R.M., Walden, R.A., Conture, E.G., Erdemire, A., Lambert, W. and Porges, S.W. (2017). Executive function impacts the relation between respiratory sinus arrhythmia and stuttering frequency in young children who do and do not stutter. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 1-18.

Kenkel, W.M., Perkeybile, A.M., & Carter, C.S. 2017. The neurobiological causes and effects of alloparenting. Developmental Neuroscience 77: 214-232.

McBride, Kimberly R., Sanders, Stephanie A., Hill, Brandon J. and  Reinisch, June M. (2017). Heterosexual Women’s and Men’s Labeling of Anal Behaviors as Having “Had Sex”. Journal of Sex Research. Pages 1-5 | Published online: 23 Feb 2017.

Milhausen RR, McKay A, Graham CA, Sanders SA, Crosby RA, Yarber WL, Wood J. (2017). Do Associations Between Pleasure Ratings and Condom Use During Penile-Vaginal Intercourse Vary by Relationship Type?: A Study of Canadian University Students. J Sex Res. 2017 Mar 30:1-10. doi: 10.1080/00224499.2017.1298713.

Porges, S.W. (2017). Vagal Pathways: Portals to Compassion. In EM Seppala, E Simon-Thomas, SL Brown, MC Worline, CD Cameron, & JR Doty, Eds. The Oxford Handbook of Compassion Science. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 189-202.

Porges, Stephen W. (2017). Die Polyvagal-Theorie und die Suche nach Sicherheit: Traumabehandlung, soziales Engagement und Bindung. Lichtenau, Germany:  G.B. Probst Verlag (German) published February 2017.

Porges, Stephen W. (2017). The Pocket Guide to the Polyvagal Theory: The Transformative Power of Feeling Safe (Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology). New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company.

Porges, S.W. andCarter, C.S. (2017). Polyvagal Theory and the Social Engagement System: Neurophysiological Bridge between Connectedness and Health. Complementary and Integrative Treatments in Psychiatric Practice. (Eds: P Gerbarg and P Muskin). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association Publishing. Pp 291-310.

Porges, S.W., & Carter, C.S. (2017). The social engagement system: The neurophysiological bridge between connectedness and health. Ed. P. Gerbarg and R. Brown.

Porges, SW, Daniel, S (2017). Play and the dynamics of treating medical trauma: Insights from Polyvagal Theory. In: Daniel, S., & Trevarthen, C. Rhythms of Relating in Children's Therapies. Jessica Kingsley. London. Pp 113-124.

Rezaei B, Lowe J, Yee JR, Porges S, Ostadabbas S (2017. )Non-contact automatic respiration monitoring in restrained rodents. Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2016 IEEE 38th Annual International Conference of the 2016 (pp. 4946-4950). 


Carter, C.S., & Porges, S.W. (2016). Neural mechanisms underlying human-animal interactions: An evolutionary perspective. In: The Social Neuroscience of Animal-Human Interactions. Ed: L. S. Freund, S. McCune, L. Eposito, N. R. Gee & P. McCardle. APA Books: Washington, DC.

Crosby, R. A., Graham, C. A., Yarber, W. L., Sanders, S. A., Milhausen, R. R., & Mena, L. (2016). Measures of attitudes toward and communication about condom use: Their relationships with sexual risk among young Black MSM. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 43(2), 94-98.

Davila MI, Lewis GF, Porges SW.  (2016). The PhysioCam: Cardiac pulse, continuously monitored by a color video camera. Journal of Medical Devices, 10: 020951-020951-2.

Fales, M.R., Frederick, D.A., Garcia, J.R., Gildersleeve, K.A., Haselton, M.G., & Fisher, H.E. (2016). Mating markets and bargaining hands: Mate preferences for attractiveness and resources in two national U.S. studies. Personality and Individual Differences, 88, 78-87.

Garcia, J. R., Gesselman, A. N., Siliman, S. A., Perry, B. L., Coe, K., & Fisher, H. E. (2016). Sexting among U.S. singles: Prevalence of sending, receiving, and sharing sexual messages and images. Sexual Health. 13(5) 428-435

Gesselman, A.N., Garcia, J. R., & Webster, G. D. (2016). Has Virginity Lost Its Virtue? Relationship Stigma Associated with Being a Sexually Inexperienced Adult. Journal of Sex Research. Vol. 54 (2): 202-213.

Gray, P., Franco, C., Garcia, J. R., Gesselman, A. N., & Fisher, H. E. (2016). Romantic dating attitudes and behaviors among single parents in the U.S. Personal Relationships. 23 (3): 491–504.

Haupert, M., Gesselman, A. N., Moors, A. C., Fisher, H. E., & Garcia, J. R. (2016). Prevalence of experiences with consensual non-monogamous relationships: Findings from two nationally representative samples of single Americans. Journal of Marriage and Family Therapy. 43 (5):424-440.

Kenkel, W.M. & Carter, C.S. 2016. Voluntary exercise facilitates pair-bonding in male prairie voles. Behavioral Brain Research, 296, 326-330. Doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2015.09.028. PMID: 26409174.

Lucas AR, Klepin HD, Porges SW, Rejeski WJ. (2016). Mindfulness-Based Movement: A Polyvagal Perspective. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 1534735416682087.

Massey, S.H., Schuette, S.A., Pournajafi-Nazarloo, H., Wisner, K.L., & Carter, C.S. (2016). Interaction of oxytocin level and past depression may predict postpartum depressive symptom severity. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, March 8 (Epub ahead of print). PMID 26957508.

Perry, A.N., Carter, C.S., & Cushing, B.S. (2016). Chronic social isolation enhances reproduction in the monogamous prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster). Psychoneuroendocrinology, 68, 20-28. PMID: 26939085.

Rubin, L.H., Connelly, J.J., Reilly, J.L. Carter, C.S., Drogos, L., Pournjafi-Nazarloo, H., Ruocco, A.C., Keedy, S.K., Matthew, I. Tandon, N. Pearlson, G.D., Clementz, B.A., Tamminga, C.A., Gershon, E. S., Keshavan, M.S., Bishop, J.R., & Sweeney, J.A. (2016). Sex and diagnosis specific associations between DNA methylation of the oxytocin receptor gene with emotion processing and temporal-limbic and prefrontal brain volumes in psychotic disorders. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, 1, 141-151. PMID: 26977453.

Webster, G. D., Gesselman, A. N., & Crosier, B. C. (2016). Avoidant adult attachment negatively relates to classroom popularity: Social Network Analysis support for the Parent-Partner-Peer Attachment Transfer Model. Personality and Individual Differences. 96:248-254.

Wu H-T, Lewis GF, Davila MI, Daubechies, Porges SW (2016). Optimizing estimates of instantaneous heart ratef rom pulse wave signals with the synchrosqueezing transform.  Methods of Information in Medicine, 55: 463-472.

Yee, J.R., Kenkel, W.M., Frijling, J.L., Dodhia, S., Onishi, K.G., Tovar, S., Saber, M.J., Lewis, G.F., Liu, W., Porges, S.W., Carter, C.S. (2016). Oxytocin promotes functional coupling between paraventricular nucleus and both sympathetic and parasympathetic cardioregulatory nuclei. Hormones and Behavior, 80, 82-91. PMID: 26836772.

Yee, J.R., Kenkel, W.M., Kulkarni, P., Moore, K., Perkeybile, A.M., Toddes, S., Amacker, J., Carter, C.S., & Ferris, C.F. (2016). BOLD fMRI in awake prairie voles: A platform for translational social and affective neuroscience. NeuroImage.


Bell, A.F., Carter, C.S., Steer, C.D., Golding, J., Davis, J.M., Steffen, A.D., Rubin, L.H., Lillard, T.S., Gregory, S.P., Harris, J.C. and Connelly, J.J. (2015). Interaction between oxytocin receptor DNA methylation and genotype is associated with risk of postpartum depression in women without depression in pregnancy. Frontiers in Genetics. 6:243.

Coe, K., Garcia, J.R., & Begley, R.O. (2015). Commentary: Art, Aesthetics, and Evolution. ASEBL Journal, 11(2), 41-42.

Crosby, R. A., Graham, C.A., Mena, L., Yarber, W. L., Sanders, S. A., Milhausen, R. R., & Geter, A. (2015). Brief Report. Circumcision status is not associated with condom use and prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among young Black MSM. AIDS & Behavior, doi: 10.1007/s10461-015-1212.

Crosby, R. A., Mena, L. Yarber, W. L., Graham, C.A., Sanders, S. A., & Milhausen, R. R. (2015). Condom use errors and problems: A comparative study of HIV-positive versus HIV-negative young Black MSM. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 42 (11), 634-636. doi 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000356.

Garcia, J.R., Escasa-Dorne, M., Gesselman, A.N., & Gray, P.B. (2015). Individual differences in women’s salivary testosterone and estradiol following sexual activity in a non-laboratory setting. International Journal of Sexual Health, 27(4):406-417.

Garcia, J.R. & Fisher, H.E. (2015). Why we hook up: Searching for sex or looking for love?. In S. Tarrant (Ed.), Gender, Sex, and Politics: In the Streets and Between the Sheets in the 21st Century. New York: Routledge.

Garcia, J.R., Seibold-Simpson, S.M., Massey, S.G., & Merriwether, A.M. (2015). Casual sex: Integrating social, behavioral, and sexual health research. In J. DeLamater & R.F. Plante (Eds.), Handbook of the Sociology of Sexualities. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.

Garfield, L., Giurgescu, C.,Carter, C.S., Holditch-Davis, BL, McFarlin, BL (2015) Depressive symptoms in the second trimester relate to low oxytocin levels in African-American women: a pilot study Archives of women's mental health 18 (1), 123-129.

Garfield, L., Holditch-Davis, D., Carter, C.S., McFarlin, B.L. Schwertz, D., Seng, J.S., Giurgescu, C., & White-Traut, R. 2015. Risk factors for postpartum depressive symptons in low-income women with very low-birth-weight infants. Advances in Neonatal Care Feb:15(1):E 3-8. PMID: 25626986.

Gouin, J.P., Pournajafi-Nazarloo, H., & Carter, C.S. 2015. Changes in social functioning and circulating oxytocin and vasopressin following the migration to a new country. Physiology and Behavior 139:67-72. PMID: 25446216.

Gray, P.B., Garcia, J.R., Crosier, B.S., & Fisher, H.E. (2015). Dating and sexual behavior among single parents of young children in the United States. Journal of Sex Research, 52(2), 121-128.

Gray, P.B., Volsche, S.L., Garcia, J.R., & Fisher, H.E. (2015) The Roles of Pet Dogs and Cats in Human Courtship and Dating, Anthrozoös, 28:4, 673-683, DOI: 10.1080/08927936.2015.1064216

Gray L, Garza E, Zageris D, Heilman KJ, Porges SW (2015). Sucrose and warmth is analgesic for healthy newborns: A randomized control trial. Pediatrics, 135: e607-e614.

Gregory, R., Cheng, H., Rupp, H.A., Sengelaub, D.R. and Heiman, J.R. 2015. Oxytocin increases VTA activation to infant and sex stimuli in nulliparous and postpartum women. Hormones and Behavior. 69: 82-88.

Hill, B.J., Sanders, S.A., Crosby, R., Ingelhart, K.N., Janssen, E. (2015). Condom-associated erection problems (CAEP): Behavioral responses and attributions in young, heterosexual men. Sexual Health. doi: 10.1071/SH14051.

Jankowiak, W. R., Volsche, S. L. and Garcia, J. R. (2015). Is the Romantic–Sexual Kiss a Near Human Universal? American Anthropologist, 117: 535–539. doi:10.1111/aman.12286

Jonason, P.K., Garcia, J.R., Webster, G.D., Li, N.P., and Fisher, H.E. (2015). Relationship Dealbreakers: Traits People Avoid in Potential Mates. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Oct 7, 2015. doi: 10.1177/0146167215609064

Kenkel, W.M., Yee, J.R., Porges, S.W., Ferris, C.F., Carter, C.S. 2015. Cardioacceleeration in alloparents in response to stimuli from prairie vole pups: The significance of thermoregulation.  Behavioural Brain Research  Epub 2015. Feb 23. PMID: 25721742.

Kruger, D.J., Fisher, M.L., Fitzgerald, C.J., Garcia, J.R., Geher, G., Guitar, A.E. (2015). Sexual and emotional aspects are distinct components of infidelity and unique predictors of anticipated distress. Evolutionary Psychological Sciences, 1(1), 44-51.

Katie Lancaster, C. Sue Carter, Hossein Pournajafi-Nazarloo, Themistoclis Karaoli, Travis S. Lillard, Allison Jack, John M. Davis, James P. Morris, Jessica J. Connelly. 2015. Plasma oxytocin explains individual differences in neural substrates of social perception. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2015; 9. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00132

Lorenz, T.K., Demas, G.E, and Heiman, J.R. 2015. Interaction of menstrual cycle phase and sexual activity predicts mucosal and systemic humoral immunity in healthy women.Physiology of Behavior. 1;152(Pt A):92-8. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2015.09.018.

Lorenz, T.K, Heiman, J.R., and Demas, G.E. 2015. Sexual activity modulates shifts in TH1/TH2 cytokine profile across the menstrual cycle: an observational study. Fertility and Sterility. S0015-0282(15)01885-3. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2015.09.001.

Lorenz TK, McGregor BA, Vitzthum VJ. 2015. “Presence of young children at home may moderate development of hot flashes during the menopausal transition.”  Menopause22(4):448-52.

Lorenz, T.K., Worthman, C.M., Vitzthum, V.J. (2015). Links among inflammation, sexual activity and ovulation: Evolutionary trade-offs and clinical implications. Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/emph/eov029

Mark, K.P., Garcia, J.R., & Fisher, H.E. (2015). Emotional and sexual satisfaction across sexual relationship contexts: Gender and sexual orientation differences and similarities.The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality. 24(2):120.

Milich KM, Deimel C, Schaebs FS, Thornburg J, Deschner T, Vitzthum VJ. 2015 “Links between breast cancer and birth weight: an empirical test of the hypothesized association between size at birth and premenopausal adult progesterone concentrations.”  Hormones & Cancer. 2015 Apr 17.

Porges SW (2015). Making the world safe for our children: Down-regulating defence and up-regulating social engagement to ‘optimise’ the human experience. Children Australia, 40: 114-123.

Porges SW (2015). Play as neural exercise: Insights from the polyvagal theory. The power of play for mind brain health (Ed: D Pearce-McCall). Available from   

Porges W, Peper E (2015). When saying no does not mean yes: Psychophysiological factors involved in date rape. Biofeedback, 43: 45-48.

Sanders, S., Hill, B.J., Janssen, E., Graham, C.A., Crosby, R.A., Milhausen, R.R., and Yarber, W.L. 2015. General Erectile Functioning among Young, Heterosexual Men Who Do and Do Not Report Condom-Associated Erection Problems (CAEP) The Journal of Sexual MedicineDOI: 10.1111/jsm.12964

Stewart AM, Lewis GF, Yee JR, Kenkel WM, Davila M, Carter CS, Porges SW (2015).  Acoustic features of prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster) ultrasonic vocalizations covary with heart rate.  Physiology and Behavior, 138: 94-100.

Swartzendurber, A. Murray, S. H., Sales, J. M., Milhausen, R. R., Sanders, S. A., Graham, C. A., DiClemente, R. J., & Wingood, G. M. (2015). The influence of sexual arousability on partner communication mediators of condom use among African American female adolescents, Sexual Health, doi: 10.1071/SH15019. [Epub ahead of print]

Vitzthum, VJ 2015 “Fitness.” International Encyclopedia of Human Sexuality.  Wiley Press. P708

Weisman, O., Agerbo, E., Carter, C.S., Harris, J.C., Uldbjerg, N., Henriksen, T.B., Thygesen, M., Mortensen, P.B., Leckman, J.F., & Dalsgaard, S. 2015. Oxytocin-augmented labor and risk for autism in males. Behavioral Brain Research May 1:284:207-212. PMID: 25707712.

Return to Top
IU Signature